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University Library, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Cataloging Services

Acquisitions & Cataloging Services

Print-on-demand books

Books that are "print-on-demand" (POD) should be cataloged according to the monographs workflow with the following considerations based on whether the book is a reproduction or a new title.

If the book in hand is a preservation photocopy, apply the instructions on the photocopied books workflow.


Many print-on-demand titles are reproductions of digitized items, which is common particularly with classic and out-of-print titles. To catalog these materials, follow the instructions for POD reproductions and photocopies in RDA LC-PCC PS 1.11.

When cataloging non-microform reproductions, there should be one provider neutral record for all instances of POD reproductions and photocopies of the same original source. This practice should not be used for regular print publications, republications, reprints, facsimile reproductions, etc., microform reproductions, or for a POD reproduction or photocopy of a book chapter or journal article.

A single provider neutral record should be used for all POD reproductions and photocopies of the same original manifestation, with the majority of fields describing the original manifestation. Such provider neutral records should have the following MARC coding:

Element Notes
Fixed Fields
Leader/18 Desc: i
008/06 Type of date: do not record as "r"
008/07-14 Dates: record the dates associated with the original resource
008/15-17 Ctry: code for the place of publication of the original resource
008/23 Form: r
Descriptive Fields

‡a UIU ‡b eng ‡e pn ‡e rda ‡c UIU

Note: ‡e rda should only be added if you are verifying/re-describing the manifestation according to RDA rules. If you are deriving from an non-RDA record and you are not re-describing the manifestation per RDA, ‡e rda should not be added to the 040 field.


ISBN: if the reproduction has an ISBN, include it in field 020 ‡a. Each ISBN should be included its own 020 ‡a. Add any qualifiying information to ‡q

If the ISBN of the original in available, include it in 020 ‡z.

037 Source of acquisition: Optional. If desired, add the commercial POD provider. Use multiple 037 fields as needed.
33X fields: code for the reproduction
533 Reproduction note: Create a single 533 field with only this content: 533 ‡a Print reproduction.

Note: Information related to a specific reproduction may be coded in field 533, but only in the local copy of the record.

Additional information, including definitions and exceptions, can be found in the RDA LC-PCC PS 1.11.

New Titles

Some print-on-demand titles are not reproductions, but are actually new titles that are only printed at the point of order. These generally have standard publication statements and may also have a printing date on the title page verso or on the final page of the book. These items should be treated as regular monographs and not as reproductions. When searching for a record in OCLC, apply the following guidelines:

  • Select a matching record based on publication and/or copyright information
  • If there is a printing date in the record that does not match the piece in hand, but everything else in the record matches, remove the printing information from the record so that it represents all printings of the title.

If a record is not in OCLC, original cataloging according to RDA is required. If creating an original record according to RDA, apply the following guidelines:

  • Record the publication statement in field 264 _1 and/or copyright date in field 264 _4 ‡c
  • Only record a manufacture statement in field 264 _3 if there is no publication information
  • Only record a date of manufacture in field 264 _3 ‡c if there is no publication or copyright date

Generally, a bibliographic record should be created that can stand for all printings of the title, regardless of printing/manufacture date, assuming that all other bibliographic information is the same.