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University Library, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

EU and Sustainability: Common Agricultural Policy (CAP)


The EU’s common agricultural policy (CAP) is a partnership between agriculture and society, and between Europe and its farmers. It aims to:

  • support farmers and improve agricultural productivity, ensuring a stable supply of affordable food;
  • safeguard European Union farmers to make a reasonable living;
  • help tackle climate change and the sustainable management of natural resources;
  • maintain rural areas and landscapes across the EU;
  • keep the rural economy alive by promoting jobs in farming, agri-food industries and associated sectors.


The CAP was recently reformed in December of 2021, with new goals including to:

  • enhance the contribution of agriculture to EU environmental and climate goals
  • provide more targeted support to smaller farms
  • allow greater flexibility for member states in adapting measures to local conditions

The following infographic provides more information on what the newly adopted CAP will entail



Common agricultural policy 2023-2027 - The official website of the Council of the European Union, and specifically, the section on the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) for the period 2023-2027. The website provides information on the ongoing reform of the CAP, which aims to make it more effective, efficient, and sustainable in the face of the challenges of the 21st century, such as climate change, food security, and rural development.

Common agricultural policy - The official website of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) of the European Union (EU). The CAP is the EU's main tool for supporting farmers and ensuring a stable and sustainable supply of food, while also promoting rural development, environmental protection, and climate action

Research Terms

- Common Agricultural Policy European Union Reform

- Future of Farming, Europe

- European Green Deal Agriculture Effects

- Sustainable Policies in Agriculture, Europe