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University Library, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

EU and Sustainability: Migration



Climate change is expected to cause a range of environmental impacts in Europe, including sea level rise, heatwaves, droughts, and flooding. These changes could have significant consequences for people and communities across the continent, leading to displacement, migration, and other forms of population movement. The impacts of climate-induced migration are likely to be felt most acutely in regions such as southern Europe, where water scarcity and heatwaves are expected to increase, and coastal areas, where rising sea levels and more frequent and severe storms are likely to lead to flooding and erosion. In response, policymakers in Europe are beginning to take action to address climate-induced migration, including developing policies to manage migration flows and investing in measures to help communities adapt to the impacts of climate change.


The future of climate migration - This report was published by the European Parliament's Think Tank which discusses the impacts of climate change on migration patterns and highlights the need for EU-wide policies to address the issue.

How Climate Change and Migration Can Cascade in the EU - This article discusses how climate change and migration are interconnected issues and how the impacts of climate change can exacerbate existing migration patterns in Europe.

MIGRATION AND THE EUROPEAN GREEN DEAL -This blog post published by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) discusses the potential impacts of the European Green Deal, a policy framework introduced by the European Union to tackle climate change, on migration patterns in Europe.

Climate migration: what do we really know? - This blog post discusses the existing knowledge and research on climate-induced migration, highlighting the need for a more nuanced understanding of the issue.

Climate-induced displacement and migration: What role for the European Union? - This report discusses the complex relationship between climate change and migration, highlighting the potential impacts of climate change on displacement and migration patterns in Europe

Glossary/Research Phrases

Climate-induced migration: the movement of people from one place to another due to environmental factors such as drought, flooding, or sea-level rise caused by climate change.

Environmental refugees: people who are forced to leave their homes and communities due to environmental factors, including climate change.

Climate refugees: a term often used to refer to people who have been displaced due to the impacts of climate change.

Resettlement: the process of relocating people who are at risk due to climate change or other environmental factors to safer areas.

Internally displaced persons (IDPs): people who are forced to flee their homes due to environmental factors or other forms of violence, but who remain within their own country's borders

Sustainable development: the pursuit of economic, social, and environmental goals in a balanced and integrated way to ensure that the needs of present and future generations are met.