The concept of sustainability has been present in Europe for centuries, although not always explicitly defined as such. In medieval times, practices such as crop rotation and the use of natural fertilizers were common, contributing to the longevity of agricultural systems. The Industrial Revolution shifted towards more intensive and extractive forms of production, which led to environmental degradation and social inequality. It was not until the 20th century that sustainability began to emerge as a distinct concept, with the publication of Rachel Carson's "Silent Spring" and the establishment of the Club of Rome's Limits to Growth report. Today, Europe is at the forefront of sustainability efforts, with policies and initiatives focused on reducing greenhouse gas emissions, promoting renewable energy, and protecting biodiversity.
Environmental History Resources - Environmental History Resources, is a comprehensive online hub dedicated to exploring the intersections of environmental issues and human history. It features a wide range of articles, resources, and links related to environmental history, from ancient civilizations to modern times.
- Europe, Historical Environmental Conditions
- History of Sustainability in Europe
- Ancient Sustainability efforts, Europe
- Environmental History, Europe