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University Library, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Latin American and Caribbean Feminist and Gender Studies: General Sources
This guide aims to provide organized access to the main research resources on Latin American and Caribbean Feminist and Gender Studies that are available to students, staff, faculty, and visiting scholars at the University of Illinois Library.
"The Suffragettes" (2012) is a documentary made by Ana Cruz explaining the political struggles of women in Mexican history.
There are thousands of books, archives, audio-visual material, and other items available at the University of Illinois libraries addressing topics about feminism and gender in Latin America & the Caribbean. We recommend searching the keywords "women - Latin America", "feminism - Latin America", "women - Caribbean", "Caribbean feminism", "mujeres - latinoamérica", "feminismo - latinoamérica", "mujeres - Caribe", and "feminism - Caribe", as well as trying "gender" instead of "feminism" or "women". This section presents just a fraction of what is available in English, Spanish, Portuguese, and French. Please, do not hesitate to contact Dr. Antonio Sotomayor for more information and assistance.
Many might be familiar with the "@" symbol in internet communication. Although the symbol barely existed in Latin America before the emergence of email, Spanish-speaking feminist activists immediately claimed it to replace the awkward "o/a" used to indicate both genders in written text, discovering embedded in the internet an answer to the challenge of symbolic inclusion. In re-purposing the symbol, they changed its meaning. In Interpreting the Internet, Elisabeth Jay Friedman provides the first in-depth exploration of how Latin American feminist and queer activists have interpreted the internet to support their counterpublics. Aided by a global network of women and men dedicated to establishing an accessible internet, activists have developed identities, constructed communities, and honed strategies for social change. And by translating the internet into their own vernacular, they have transformed the technology itself. This book will be of interest to scholars and students in feminist and gender studies, Latin American studies, media studies, and political science, as well as anyone curious about the ways in which the internet shapes our lives.
An upsurge of women's activism across Latin America has provoked vigorous discussions about feminism, machismo and the whole process of social change. Companeras brings together activists from thirteen different countries to speak directly about their experiences and aspirations in the women's movement presenting a unique overview of current debates among Latin American women activists.
Adding to the debate on a range of issues, this book presents a critical and deeply personal history of Mexican feminism in the last thirty five years. Drawing from her many years of activism and anthropological scholarship, influential thinker Marta Lamas covers topics such as the political development of the feminist movement, affirmative action in the workplace, conceptual advances in regard to gender, and disagreements among feminists. Here in English for the first time, this work offers invaluable insight into the theoretical and political tensions that have shaped Mexican feminism and the world at large.
Women's Activism in Latin America and the Caribbean brings together a group of interdisciplinary scholars who analyze and document the diversity, vibrancy, and effectiveness of women's experiences and organizing in Latin America and the Caribbean during the past four decades. Most of the expressions of collective agency are analyzed in this book within the context of the neoliberal model of globalization that has seriously affected most Latin American and Caribbean women's lives in multiple ways. Contributors explore the emergence of the area's feminist movement, dictatorships of the 1970s, the Central American uprisings, the urban, grassroots organizing for better living conditions, and finally, the turn toward public policy and formal political involvement and the alternative globalization movement. Geared toward bridging cultural realities, this volume represents women's transformations, challenges, and hopes, while considering the analytical tools needed to dissect the realities, understand the alternatives, and promote gender democracy.
Latin American women's movements played important roles in the democratic transitions in South America during the 1980s and in Central America during the 1990s. However, very little has been written on what has become of these movements and their agendas since the return to democracy. This timely collection examines how women's movements have responded to the dramatic political, economic, and social changes of the last twenty years. In these essays, leading scholar-activists focus on the various strategies women's movements have adopted and assess their successes and failures. The book is organized around three broad topics. The first, women's access to political power at the national level, is addressed by essays on the election of Michelle Bachelet in Chile, gender quotas in Argentina and Brazil, and the responses of the women's movement to the "Bolivarian revolution" in Venezuela. The second topic, the use of legal strategies, is taken up in essays on women's rights across the board in Argentina, violence against women in Brazil, and gender in the work of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission in Peru. Finally, the international impact of Latin American feminists is explored through an account of their participation in the World Social Forum, an assessment of a Chilean-led project carried out by women's organizations in several countries to hold governments to the promises they made at international conferences in Cairo and Beijing, and an account of cross-border organizing to address femicides and domestic abuse in the Juárez-El Paso border region. Jane S. Jaquette provides the historical and political context of women's movement activism in her introduction, and concludes the volume by engaging contemporary debates about feminism, civil society, and democracy. Contributors. Jutta Borner, Mariana Caminotti, Alina Donoso, Gioconda Espina, Jane S. Jaquette, Beatriz Kohen, Julissa Mantilla Falcón, Jutta Marx, Gabriela L. Montoya, Flávia Piovesan, Marcela Ríos Tobar, Kathleen Staudt, Teresa Valdés, and Virginia Vargas.
Women have experienced decades of economic and political repression across Latin America, where many nations are built upon patriarchal systems of power. However, a recent confluence of political, economic, and historical factors has allowed for the emergence of civil society organizations (CSOs) that afford women a voice throughout the region. Leadership from the Margins describes and analyzes the unique leadership styles and challenges facing the women leaders of CSOs in Argentina, Chile, and El Salvador. Based on ethnographic research, Serena Cosgrove's analysis offers a nuanced account of the distinct struggles facing women, and how differences of class, political ideology, and ethnicity have informed their outlook and organizing strategies. Using a gendered lens, she reveals the power and potential of women's leadership to impact the direction of local, regional, and global development agendas.
The first book on women's political history in Belize, From Colony to Nation demonstrates that women were creators of and activists within the two principal political currents of twentieth-century Belize: colonial-middle class reform and popular labor-nationalism. As such, their alliances and struggles with colonial administrators, male reformers, and nationalists and with one another were central to the emergence of this improbable nation-state. From Colony to Nation draws on extensive research and previously unmined sources such as almost one hundred interviews, colonial government records, the files of Belize's first feminist organization, and court records. Anne S. Macpherson examines the tensions of the 1910s that led to the 1919 anticolonial riot; the reform project of the 1920s, in which Garveyite women were key state allies; the militant anticolonial labor movement of the 1930s; the more ambitious reform project of the 1940s; the successful but nonrevolutionary nationalist movement of the 1950s; and the gender dynamics of party politics and both Black Power and feminist challenges to the party system in the 1960s and 1970s. From Colony to Nation connects to historiographies of racialized and gendered reform in colonial and other multiracial societies and of tensions between female activism and masculine authority within nationalist movements and postcolonial societies.
The majority of Latin Americans now live in countries that are governed by democratically elected governments on the political left, which is unprecedented in that region. This book analyzes this occurrence by asking a question that up until now has been largely ignored in the literature on the contemporary Latin American left: to what extent have these governments governed with, and promoting the interests of, women's movements that are an important part of their base of support? This question is examined by focusing on a critical case that is rarely analyzed in the literature on the new Latin American left, the case of Nicaragua. The broader implications for Latin America will be shown, making this book of interest to researchers and graduate students in Latin American studies as well as gender studies and political science.
This reader reflects the genesis, scope, and direction of women's activism in a single Latin American country. It collects the voices of forty-one diverse women who live in Costa Rica, some radical, others strongly conservative, and most ranging in-between, as they write about their lives, their problems, their aspirations. Unlike the comparative studies of women's issues that look at several different countries, the reader provides an insider's view of one small, but quintessentially Latin American, society. These women write of their own experience in organizing and working for change within the Costa Rican community. Some represent groups fitting into traditional "women's movement" that wants to improve certain aspects of women's; and families' daily lives. Still others, the "feminists," argue forcefully that true improvement requires a profound change of power relations in society, of women's access to power and decision making. The articles are organized into thematic groups that range from the definitions of Feminism in Costa Rica to women in Costa Rican history, women's legal equality, discrimination against women, and the status of Women's Studies. The brief biographies that identify each author underscore the leadership of Costa Rican women in Latin American Feminism. The founders and editors of Mujer, one of the most influential Feminist journals in Latin America, are among the authors represented in the reader. The audience for this book will include specialists interested in Latin America, in women in Latin America, and in the international women's movement.
Gender's Place integrates key theoretical issues and rich ethnographic cases in the feminist anthropology of Latin America around the concept of "desalambrar" (to tear down fences). This collection explores ways in which the interrelationship of gender and "place" can serve as a lens for analyzing the cultural, social, and historical specificity of gender and other social inequalities. By "tearing down" theoretical and analytic fences prevalent in research on gender in Latin America in order to construct ethnographically specific alternatives, the book demonstrates the unique contribution that anthropology can make to gender and area studies.
From advertising to television and film, feminist media scholars have examined the changing nature of media representations form the 1990's onwards in comparison to the 1950s in the UK and the US. Many debates focus on the current ambiguity surrounding media representations which are inserted within post-feminist texts that tend to equate female empowerment with choice, individualism and consumerism. This has occurred in a context where there have been some achievements in gender equality worldwide, with women occupying more spaces in the marketplace, business and government. In the last decades, Latin America has been through many changes. Inequality levels have been reduced and political trends have resulted in the election of female politicians throughout the continent, corresponding with a revival of gender politics and feminist movements. At the same time, however, countries like Brazil are still home to gender discrimination and inequality, with high levels of domestic violence towards women, low levels of political representation, a culture of machismo, and the enduring predominance of stereotypical gender representations in the media. Globalization, Gender Politics, and the Media looks at the correlation between gender inequality in society with media representations, situating the case of Brazil and Latin America within the global quest for gender justice. It emphasizes the need to equate material and economic concerns with the examination of the reproduction of values and beliefs on gender through cultural and media outlets. Questions that are asked include, how can the media better contribute to assist in gender development and nation-building? How can online platforms make a difference? What can be done within the mainstream media to advance women's rights? What is understood by the myth of the "Brazilian woman," and how does this connect to other notions of what the "Third World woman" is? Using a triangulation methodology, this book includes a small selection of interviews with experts from international organizations, politicians in Brazil, and bloggers, as well as a sample of media analysis of ads, commercials, posters, campaign material, and feminist blogs to examine the challenges that gender equality faces in this country and the ways in which the media can make a difference.
Provides a comprehensive, multidisciplinary view of Latin American history and culture from prehistoric times to the present. Covers cultural issues and includes numerous biographical profiles of important figures in politics, letters and the arts. It includes several entries regarding feminism in Latin America, as well as biographies of women writers, thinkers, educators, and activists that have been crucial in enlarging women rights. It also contains references to cultural production, such as books, movies, or music in which women or women topics have an outstanding role.
Radical Women in Latin America is a collection of original essays by scholars from a variety of disciplines--anthropology, history, and political science--on the political activism of women from both the left and the right. The stories of these radical women challenge traditional portrayals of men as violent and women as inherently peaceful. This volume forces us to confront the fact that there is no automatic sisterhood among women, even among those of the same class and ethnicity. At the same time, the essays show the similarities that can unite women across immense political divides. This book analyzes radical women's actions and motivations through four interrelated themes--maternalism, feminism, autonomy, and coalitions between left- and right-wing women--in three Central American countries (Nicaragua, El Salvador, and Guatemala) and three South American countries (Argentina, Brazil, and Chile). The editors and contributors to this volume have done extensive and recent field research in Latin America. Radical Women in Latin America challenges both stereotypical views of Latin American women as easily manipulated and portrayals of women's activism as inherently progressive. This book will make clear that women are capable of defining their own interests and their political identities, organizing autonomously, and even using violence, if they deem it necessary to pursue their goals.
Detailed here are the lives and achievements of 29 Latin American Women: Bartira, Dona Marina, Isabel de Guevara, Teculihuatzin, Beatriz de la Cueva, Catalina de Erauso, Juana Ines de la Cruz, Micaela Bastidas, Policarpa Salvarrieta, Josefa Oritiz de Dominguez, Manuela Saenz, Francisca Zubiaga, Leona Vicario, Javiera Carrera, Agueda Monasterio de Lattapiat, Luisa Recabarren de Marin, Gertrudis Bocanegra, Juana Barragan, Maria Luisa Martinez de Garcia, Maria Fermina Rivera, Manuela Medina, Leopoldina, Manuela de Rosas, Margarita Maza de Juarez, Laura Mendez de Cuenca, Maria Enriqueta Camarillo y Roa de Pereyra, Esther Tapia de Castellano, Refugio Barragan de Toscano, and Luisa Munoz Ledo.
What do women do for revolutions? And what do revolutions do for women? Julie Shayne explores the roles of women in revolutionary struggles and the relationship of these movements to the emergence of feminism. Focusing upon the three very different cases of El Salvador, Chile, and Cuba, Shayne documents the roles of women in armed and unarmed political activities. She argues that women contribute to and participate in revolutionary movements in ways quite distinct from men. Despite the fact that their political contributions tend to be seen as less important than those of their male comrades, the roles that women play are actually quite significant to the expansion of revolutionary movements. Shayne also explains how, given the convergence of political and ideological factors, feminism is often born in the wake of revolutionary movements. As a result, revolutionary feminism is a struggle that addresses larger structures of political and economic inequalities. Based on extensive in-depth interviews with activists in all three countries, The Revolution Question offers new insight into the complex gender relations underlying revolutionary social movements and enables us to re-assess both the ways that women affect political struggle and the ways in which political struggle affects women.
In Latin American history, women have not only played key roles within the family and society, but have long been active participants in political and economic life. The explosion of research over the last fifteen years testifies to how much we still have to learn about their experiences. Women and Gender in Modern Latin America brings together selections from recent scholarship with excerpts from an exciting array of primary sources, many translated into English for the first time, to bring the story of women's involvement in modern Latin American history up to date. Covering major developments in the region from the bitter wars of Spanish American independence (1810-1825) through the turn of the twenty-first century, this collection examines the expectations, responsibilities, and limitations that have confronted women in their varied roles. The book explores: The nature and impact of feminist movements women's role in economic modernization and the gendered division of labor women's contributions to 20th-century nationalism and social revolutions Changing gender roles and relations within marriage and the family The impact of modern birth control methods and changing sexual mores In the concise introductory essays, Pamela S. Murray synthesizes recent research to provide readers with a context for the selections in each chapter, including primary sources that range from trial records, legal codes, and other official documents to personal letters, excerpts from women's published writings, speeches, and images. Whether for a course specifically on women in Latin America, or as an addition to a modern Latin America survey course, Women and Gender in Modern Latin America provides a comprehensive overview of the experiences of women and workings of gender over time across a vast and diverse region.
"The Emergence of the Modern Mexican Woman is the first book in English on women's participation in the Mexican Revolution (1910-1940) and the Mexican women's rights movement during this thirty-year period. The work is based on extensive research at libraries in Mexico and the United States and on the author's personal interviews with some of the few women alive today who participated in the revolution and with family members and friends of those who are deceased. Shirlene Soto completes the history of the Mexican Revolution by introducing readers to the heroic women who risked their lives in a long and difficult struggle to attain freedom and equality. Revolutionary women set into play an irresistible momentum that culminated eventually in the attainment of suffrage for all Mexican women. In 1974, Mexico adopted the equivalent of the proposed U.S. Equal Rights Amendment. That same year the Civil Code was revised to give Mexican women equal rights and obligations in marriage and divorce. In 1975, Mexico assumed an international leadership role in women's rights by hosting the United Nations Año Internacional de la Mujer (International Women's Year) meeting in Mexico City. Despite these significant gains, serious socioeconomic inequalities persist in Mexico today and are waiting to be addressed by a new set of leaders among the ranks of Mexican women. The courageous revolutionary women who laid the groundwork for the emergence of the modern Mexican woman left a rich cultural heritage that challenges her to persevere in the struggle for equality."--Publisher's description.
The authors analyze the way in which women are portrayed in magazines published in Latin America and oriented to female audiences. The considered outlets published in Mexico, Venezuela, Chile, Colombia, and Brazil, and the content analysis was carried on during the late 1970s.
This edited collection of essays addresses key issues regarding the interplays between indigenous women, their political representation and participation, gender, and multiculturalism. To do so, it explores different experiences in Ecuador, Colombia, or Mexico, relying on feminist problems raised by the indigenous experiences of Aymara, Mapuche, or Kichwa women.
Publication Date: Santiago, Chile: La Pollera Ediciones, 2015
Includes periodical articles, speeches, interviews and previously unpublished texts discovered after Mistral's death. The edited collection explores four decades of Mistral and her concern about Latin America. Her writings are sharp and committed to the challenges that came through the continent, especially regarding education, teaching, authoritarian regimes, and peace.
Publication Date: Santiago : Editorial Cuarto Propio-CEDEM, 1991.
In this book, Montecino addresses the Chilean identity by interpreting the myths embedded in social life. This essay represents Montecino's interdisciplinary work in which anthropology, psychoanalysis, and literary and cultural studies nurture gender theories. Thus, Montecino's frame developed in "Madres y Huachos" allow to better understand symbols from the Colonial period that are basic to contemporary women's and men's identities.
Impertinent for their ability to expose the patriarchal, hegemonic, Eurocentric discourse, Jean Franco's essays occupy a privileged place in the field of Latin American feminism, gender, and culture. English by birth and adopted daughter of Latin America since 1954, Franco tackles diverse themes such as Sor Juana's dramatic play, the public figure of Frida Khalo, popular Mexican comics, the complex relationship of Latin American feminism to left-wing movements and many other topics. The author understands that criticism obeys both the intellectual impulse and the demand for justice, and both forces are evident in these pages.
Publication Date: Santiago de Chile : Zig-zag, 1947
Labarca provides an overview about the improvement in Chilean women conditions, particularly those advancements in education. The work also discusses the recognition of some civil rights for women and, finally, the women's contributions to liberal arts.
Publication Date: Montevideo : [Open Door Internacional], 
As early as the 1930s, Paulina Luisi exposed the inequalities between men and women and the subordinated position the latter played in Uruguay and the rest of the continent. In her work, Luisi advocates for women's right to vote, equal education, and the end of women's discrimination.
Publication Date: La Habana, Cuba : Fondo Editorial Casa de las Américas, 
Suárez received the Casa de las Américas Prize (Premio Literario Casa de las Américas) in 2014 for this essay. The book inquires how Latin American writers have signified Manuela Sáenz's role as one of the most important women in region's history. The jury described the essay as intelligent, extraordinarily well written, and conducting a brilliant work on historical sources under a gender frame. By analyzing five biographies about Sáenz, the book delivers a comparative study about this outstanding woman, but also between the biographies' authors and their countries, addressing key concepts such as Nation, citizenry, the role of intellectuals and the literary critic.
Distancing itself from typical academic discourse, the authors in these critical essays explore the complex issues of gender and race. Starting with the introductory text, the essays break with clichés about black women, which are usually reproduced played by society in everyday life, in popular artistic production (for instance, in certain songs that promote stereotypes), in mass media, and other opinion-creating vehicles. The book subverts models rooted in various areas of inquiry, through the lenses of many different approaches, generations, and trends, bringing to light another point of view about black women, their action, thought, and history of resistance, as well as their pivotal influence in the consolidation of national identity.
The periodical "Nuestra causa" was edited and published by the feminist organization Unión Feminista Nacional (National Feminist Union) and circulated in Argentina between 1919 and 1921. By analyzing its articles, the author provides a better understanding of women's political participation in Argentina, their struggle in favor of women's civil rights, and a real inclusion in positions of decision-making. The book also contains selected articles published in "Nuestra Causa", making them accessible to readers (from the publisher).
Relying upon official documents, reports, press clippings, bulletins, and flyers, among other material, Corvalán provides an overview about feminism in Paraguay in the second half of the 20th century. The book highlights the history of movements of rural and indigenous women, as well as traditional political organizations, NGOs, and unions, among others, that have been key in enhancing women's rights in Paraguay.
The book compiles several articles and op-ed pieces previously published by the author in Paraguayan newspapers and magazines. The works provide an ironic and a lucid perspective about Paraguay, its history, its people, and its idiosyncrasy (from the publisher).
Women's fight against subordination and discrimination have been crucial in last centuries' history. In this book, Céli Pinto carefully portrays some of the most salient activists and organizations that have built up feminist history in Brazil, with a particular emphasis back into the end of the 19th century in Brazilian society.
Based upon individual voices, as well as organized Brazilian women, the author invites the reader to think about new theoretical frameworks, refreshed performances, and actions, that go beyond patriarchy. This work includes women's experiences under the past Brazilian military dictatorship as well as the particular history of the feminist movement in Sao Paulo.
This book provides an overview of women's struggles against discrimination and advocating for more freedom and recognition in Brazil. The work also draws the contributions of feminist leaders such as Marta Suplicy, Heloneida Studart, Heleieth Saffioti, Rose Marie Muraro, and Rosiska Oliveira, among others.
Women that fought against the Brazilian dictatorship demonstrated courage, rebelion, and passion in their resistance. Most of them contributed to rebuilding Brazilian feminism during the 1970s, adopting a new political thought and practice by politicizing daily life and gender relationships. Those women also advocated for more democracy, freedom, and for a democratic government. This book critically address feminist movements in Brazil during the 1970s and the press feminist organizations published between 1975 and 1980. Particularly, the work analyzes two periodicals, "Brasil Mulher" and "Nós Mulheres", and by interviewing some key players of that time, practices, and outlets.
According to the publisher, the book is the first serious attempt to inquire about the history of women's right to vote in Brazil. The author addresses not only the Brazilian suffragist movement but also she interrogates the deep structures supporting gender inequalities in political participation and symbolic recognition.
Chiquinha Gonzaga was a pioneer in defending Brazilian, national, culture and traditions, as well as a woman ahead of her time. This book is a mix of biography and fiction about her childhood and youth. She was born in 1847 in Rio de Janeiro. Her father was in the army and her mother was mulata. Chiquinha got married as a teenager and had two children. After getting divorced, Chiquinha finally devoted herself to music and became one of the greatest Brazilian musicians.
Despite its title, the book has nothing to do with transexual experiences or performances. Indeed Rose Muraro tells her experience about running to become a member of the Assembly that wrote up a new constitution in 1986.
The edited collection reveals the role of women in the North-Eastern states of Brazil, such as Pernambuco, Bahia, Alagoas, and Paraiba, in advocating and fighting against slavery in the 19th century. The authors provide a critical reading of articles, letters, and private documents and archives portraying the interplays between abolitionism, independence from the Portuguese crown, and the struggle for participating in the public sphere of Brazilian women in the North-Eastern states in the 19th century (from the book).
This book inquies into the interplays between romance and consumption regarding Latin American "telenovelas". To do so, the author compares two models very popular in the region: the "culebrón mexicano", clearly "melodramático", and Brazilian telenovela, delivering modernity as a key theme.
The book compiles several essays contributing to the Marxist body of work about feminism and women's conditions in capitalism. Indeed, the work's criticism aims to raise consciousness about expanding both political and ideological struggle (from the publisher).
This book provides an overview of more than 100 periodicals and magazines oriented towards women and edited and published in Brazil throughout the 19th century. Among several salient features, the corpus includes several and diverse outlets, published across the country, and demonstrated the hot topics about women's role in Brazilian society at the time. As a result of a careful research about women and feminism in Brazilian history, this dictionary provides an overview covering the whole country and not only the big cities by the time.
Content: Trajectories, Plural writings, "Une señora" 's way: Esperanza Brito, The revolutionary option: Elena Urrutia and Marta Lamas, The average of this rebellion: divergences, Agreements and disagreements: How to convince?, Discoursive strategies, Overcoming resistances, They told "words" with other "words", "What they want, then?", Feminists and men's society, Feminism and "Mexicanidad"
This work's goal is to redefine the Antillean identity by inquiring into the theatre plays written by women (Maryse Condé, Simone Schwarz-Bart, Michèle and Ina Césaire, Gerty Dambury, and Suzanne Dracius). Therefore, the drama is examined as an expression of body, music, and dance, in which cruel theatre plays a role as the mirror of the Antillean consciousness. The several analysis carried out by this work address plays representing a double emancipation: The women's and the Antilleans in their own history. In the end, the raising of a feminine awareness freed women's writing and registered it in a totally new and liberated world.
While the names of the men that became heroes during the Haitian independence are well known, women that played a key role in the process have been barely highlighted. Victoria Mantou, for example, was a woman soldier that fought and lead fifty slaves at Sanite Belair, she was Toussaint Louverture's aide-de-camp and lieutenant. Women such Mantou were crucial in the revolution of the first black nation. As such, Elvire Maurouard's book attempts to restore the place these women occupy in the Pantheon of universal women heroes.
Antillean slavery was based upon a sexual division of labor. Men slaves were oriented towards tools, such arms, while women slaves served a reproductive function and low-skilled works.
Arlette Gautier's book provides an interdisciplinary approach relying upon social history and cultural history in order to address slavery in the Antilleans from women's perspective. A better understanding of the sexual division of slavery in the area will shed light into current topics.
Voix/es libres, written in French, is an academic study of the concept of maternity as expressed in several novels written by prominent Caribbean women writers. Young protagonists defy the traditional idea of motherhood and seek to redefine materinity on their terms. Among the novelists who are featured in this work are Maryse Conde, Gisele Pineau, Myriam Warner-Vieyra, Simone Schwartz-Bart, and Edwige Danticart.
The inner life is at the forefront of many Caribbean women's novels. Its literary and ideological reach is profound: to tell the subjectivity of a people stricken from the map of humanity for three centuries under the slave regime is highly subversive. Intimate Universes: For a poetics of feminine interiority in the Caribbean literature lays the groundwork for a discursive and thematic study of the representation of the inner life. While taking into account historical, theoretical and philosophical considerations, this survey identifies the main sites of negotiation in the discourse of interiority: spatiotemporality, memory, imagination, creativity, fantasy, spirituality, and so forth. A marked but neglected feature of some novels, namely their self-referential quality, receives here a first critical treatment. The corpus is Pan-American, consisting of novels - often less known - by writers from the French- and English-speaking Caribbean as well as North America, thus highlighting a common thread in the literary production of women across the Americas.
Assistant Professor and Librarian of Latin American and Caribbean Studies