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University Library, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Literature Reviews in Health Sciences

Overview of types of literature reviews

Scoping Review

Preliminary assessment of potential size and scope of available research literature. Aims to identify nature and extent of research evidence (usually including ongoing research).

SEARCH is determined by time/scope constraints. May include research in progress.

APPRAISAL does not include formal quality assessment.

SYNTHESIS is tabular with some narrative commentary.

ANALYSIS characterizes quantity and quality of literature, perhaps by study design and other key features.

Source: A typology of reviews: an analysis of 14 review types and associated methodologies. Grant MJ & Booth A. Health information and Libraries Journal year: 2009 26(2):91 -108. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-1842.2009.00848.x.

Scoping Review Standards

Doing Scoping Reviews