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University Library, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Literature Reviews in Health Sciences

Overview of types of literature reviews


PRISMA is an evidence-based minimum set of items for reporting in systematic reviews and meta-analyses. PRISMA focuses on the reporting of reviews evaluating randomized trials, but can also be used as a basis for reporting systematic reviews of other types of research, particularly evaluations of interventions.


The Campbell Collaboration "promotes social and economic change thought the production and use of systematic reviews and other evidence synthesis for evidence-based policy and practice"."

A methods links page connects users with useful tools and portals for conducting systematic reviews.

Cochrane Handbook Methodological Expectations of Cochrane Intervention Reviews (MECIR) 

  • search Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central
  • search specialist databases
  • search for different types of evidence
  • search trials registers
  • search for gray literature
  • search within other reviews
  • search with reference lists
  • search by contacting relevant individuals and organizations

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, Medicine

Health and Medicine Division - Standards for Systematic Reviews

These standards are for systematic reviews of comparative effectiveness research of therapeutic medical or surgical interventions.

Standards for Initiating a Systematic Review
Standards for Finding and Assessing Individual Studies
Standards for Synthesizing the Body of Evidence
Standards for Reporting Systematic Reviews

Joanna Briggs

Review's Manual
The JBI Reviewers’ Manual is designed to provide authors with a comprehensive guide to conducting JBI systematic reviews. It describes in detail the process of planning, undertaking and writing up a systematic review using JBI methods.

Umbrella reviews

Scoping Review Guide


Best Evidence Medical Education (BEME)


Risk of Bias in Systematic Reviews (ROBIS)


RAMESES (Realist And Meta-narrative Evidence Syntheses: Evolving Standards) Project


Peer Review of Electronic Search Strategies (PRESS)


A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR)