The Office for the Protection of Research Subjects (OPRS), while performing administrative functions of the Institutional Review Board (IRB), serves as the official oversight office for human subject research at Illinois. The office is the central point of contact for investigators, research subjects, and regulatory agencies. OPRS organizes and documents the IRB review process, monitors research regulations, produces educational resources for faculty and staff, and provides assurance that the Urbana campus is in compliance with federal, state, and campus policies.
The IRB ensures that appropriate safeguards exist to protect the rights and welfare of research subjects [45 CFR 46.111]. In fulfilling these responsibilities, the IRB reviews all the research documents and activities that bear directly on the rights and welfare of the subjects of proposed research. The application or protocol, the consent/assent document(s), research equipment form, tests, surveys, questionnaires and similar measures, and recruitment documents are examples of documents that the IRB reviews.
International human research refers to research conducted outside the United States using participants from the local community. Such research involving UIUC investigators remains subject to the review and approval authority of the UIUC IRB and the obligations under the registration of the UIUC Federal Wide Assurance with OHRP.