This list of Keywords and phrases will allow you to hone your search for materials on Sudan's history and recent political unrest.
Between 1989 and the end of last year, Sudan was controlled by a military dictatorship led by Omar al-Bashir. However, South Sudan's successful bid for independence, as well as the lingering after-effects of the 2003 War in Darfur, led to the gradual erosion of the dictatorship's power. This culminated in the breakout of widespread protests in late 2018, culminating in a successful coup d'etat in April of 2019. For a time, Sudan's future remained wildly uncertain, as the military alternately ignored, attacked, and negotiated with pro-Democracy protestors. On July 17th of 2019, two major Sudanese factions (the Transitional Military Council and the Forces of Freedom and Change) agreed to a 39-month transitional process, during which the Sudanese government would be reformed as a democracy. As of January 2019, the new transitional government is currently the major political power in Sudan, though protests continue. Currently, the country is lead by a civilian prime minister named Abdalla Hamdok.
Good Resources for Getting Started
Sudan and South Sudan: Economic development and ethnopolitical conflict
Belanger, Diane C. The University of Maine, ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 2013. 3575463.
The Impact of Geopolitical Interests on Peace Negotiations: A Critical Analysis of the Role of Third-Party Mediation in the Horn of Africa
Ahmed, Khalid. University of Toronto (Canada), ProQuest Disserttions Publishing, 2018. 10937081.
Education and the critique of liberal peacebuilding: the case of south sudan
Daoust, Gabrielle. University of Sussex (United Kingdom), ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 2018. 13909300.
Four Years Later: National Identity Politics & Historical Implications in South Sudan
Ojulu, Sigin. University of California, Los Angeles, ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 2016. 10128149.