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Disclaimer: This handout is only meant as a guide. If we tried to cover all citations you might make, we’d have a book—which is exactly what the American Psychological Association (APA) publishes every couple of years. You should check the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition, if you have a question that this guide doesn’t answer. See the library for a copy (call number 029 Am4p2010 in the reference section).
Formatting your citations: In making your list of works cited, begin each entry flush with the left margin; if the entry runs more than a line long, the next lines should be indented five spaces, or one default TAB setting if you are using a word processor. On many word processors you can also accomplish this by paragraph formatting for a "hanging indent." (Whichever you choose, be consistent throughout.) Use double spacing for your entire list, both between and within entries.
If you will be publishing your own bibliography on a web page, it may be difficult to indent properly. To deal with this, it's common to use bullets in front of each citation instead of indenting.
Book by a Single Author
- Last name, First initial. (YYYY). Title of book: Subtitle of book. City of Publication: Publisher.
- Millionaire, J. (2003). How to get rich without really trying. New York: Reality Television Press.
Book with Two Authors
- Last name, First initial., & Last name, First initial. (YYYY). Title of book: Subtitle of book. City of Publication: Publisher.
- Sawyer, T., & Finn, H. (1855). Raft construction made easy. Hannibal, MO: Mississippi Press.
Book with a Corporate Author
- Corporate Author. (YYYY). Title of book. City of Publication: Publisher.
- Uni High Alumni Association.(1998). Uni through the years. Urbana, IL: Uni High Press.
Book with an Editor
- Last name, First initial. (Ed.). (YYYY). Title of book. City of Publication: Publisher.
- March, J. (Ed.). (1963). How to get your first book published. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Article in a Weekly or Bi-Weekly Magazine
- Last name, First initial. (YYYY, Month DD). Title of article. Title of Magazine, volume, pp-pp.
- Nye, B. (1998, October 15). Putting science to music. Science Teacher Workshop, 130, 120-122.
Article from a Journal that Pages Each Issue Separately
- Last name, First initial. (YYYY). Title of article. Title of Magazine, Vol(Issue), pp-pp.
- Bird, B. (2000). Recent explorations and discoveries in forming the letter "e". Education Digest, 42(3), 26-30.
Article from a Journal with Continuous Paging
- Last name, First initial. (YYYY). Title of article. Title of Magazine, Vol, pp-pp.
- Drew, N. (1987). Upstaging the Hardy Boys. Mystery Digest, 12, 323-330.
Article with No Author
- Title of article. (YYYY). Title of Magazine, Vol(Issue), pp-pp.
- How to insure your place in the sciences. (2004). Science Careers, 20(4), 62-97.
Article from a Daily Newspaper
- Lastname, Firstinitial. (YYYY, Month DD). Title of article. Title of Newspaper, pp. sectionpage.
- Meany, O. (2001, September 15). I survived Sunday school bullies. The News-Gazette, pp. A1, A3, A8-10.
Article in a Reference Source
- Last name, First initial. (YYYY). Title of article. Title of encyclopedia. (Vol. #, pp. #-#). City of Publication: Publisher.
- Frome, E. (1995). The art of hiring good help. In Household encyclopedia. (Vol. 2, pp.78-80). New York: Winter Press.
- Gill, S. D., & Sullivan, I. F. (Eds.). (1992). Trickster(s). In Dictionary of Native American mythology (pp. 308-311). Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO.