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Other Indigenous Populations and Languages in Latin America
In 2010 the United Nation's Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (CEPAL) estimated that the indigenous populations across Latin America reaches around 45 million people, distributed unevenly through the region. Other sources as the Instituto Indigenista Americano, and the Inter-American development bank have similar calculations. This global number of indigenous peoples is integrated by over 400 ethnic groups or communities, as stated by a publication on indigenous groups Mexico's National University. Mexico and Peru have the highest concentration of indigenous people, reaching 17 million and 7 million respectively (about 15.1% and 24% of the entire population). In smaller countries, or countries with smaller indigenous populations as Costa Rica and Paraguay, it has been estimated that the indigenous population is around 100,000 people. These populations have been historically underrepresented in national statistics, and have also endured marginalization and oppression. This section of the guide provides users resources that serve as entry points to begin their research.
Other Indigenous Populations and Languages in Latin America
Cultura política indígena : Bolivia, Ecuador, Chile, México by
Call Number: E65 .G87 2015
Publication Date: México, D.F. : Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Instituto de Investigaciones Sociales : CONACYT, 2015
This book presents the diverse practices of activism and politics in Indigenous political and intellectual Leaders in Latin america, for interacting and negotiating with national states and non-indigenous political organizations.
Indigenous Women's Movements in Latin America by
Call Number: HQ1460.5 .R68 2017
Publication Date: New York, NY, U.S.A. : Palgrave Macmillan, 
This book presents a comparative analysis of the organizing trajectories of indigenous women's movements in Peru, Mexico, and Bolivia. The authors' innovative research reveals how the articulation of gender and ethnicity is central to shape indigenous women's discourses. It explores the political contexts and internal dynamics of indigenous movements, to show that they created different opportunities for women to organize and voice specific demands. This, in turn, led to various forms of organizational autonomy for women involved in indigenous movements. The trajectories vary from the creation of autonomous spaces within mixed-gender organizations to the creation of independent organizations. Another pattern is that of women's organizations maintaining an affiliation to a male-dominated mixed-gender organization, or what the authors call "gender parallelism". This book illustrates how, in the last two decades, indigenous women have challenged various forms of exclusion through different strategies, transforming indigenous movements' organizations and collective identities.
Historias de la Frontera: el Cautiverio en la America Hispanica by
Call Number: 306.362098 Op29h
Publication Date: México ; Fondo de Cultura Económica, 2001.
Obra que cubre un vac o en la historia del cautiverio en la Am rica hisp nica. Para recuperar las voces de aquellos cautivos (blancos, mestizos, mulatos, criollos y otros) capturados por indios en algun lugar del continente y que convivieron durante algunos periodos con sus captores, Fernando Oper, director del Programa de Estudios Latinoamericanos de la Universidad de Virginia, ofrece al lector un amplio y rico material que incluye relatos de los mismos cautivos.
Peoples of the Earth by
Call Number: 980.00498 An226p
Publication Date: Lanham, Md. : Lexington Books, c2010.
Peoples of the Earth employs a comparative history of ethno-nationalism to examine Indian activism and its challenges to the political, social and economic status quo in the countries of Central and South America. It explores the intersect between problems of democratic empowerment and security-including the appearance of radical Islam among Indians in two important countries-arising from the re-emergence of dormant forms of ethnic militancy and unprecedented internal challenges to nation-states. The institutions and practices of Indian self-government in the United States and Canada are examined as a means of comparison with contemporary phenomena in Central and South America, suggesting frameworks for the successful democratic incorporation of the region's most disenfranchised peoples.
Source: Google books
Revenge in the Cultures of Lowland South America by
Call Number: 305.898 R322
Publication Date: Gainesville : University Press of Florida, c2008.
This extraordinary ethnography is the first devoted to the study of revenge. The contributors describe this social phenomenon in fourteen tribal societies, comparing its violent manifestations as well as its more idiosyncratic forms. Blood revenge at spear point is common in certain regions of aboriginal lowland South America; in other areas revenge is implicated in seemingly unrelated areas of daily life, from child naming to explanations for sickness. nbsp; Revenge is a universal human motive that reveals fundamental social structure as do few other aspects of culture. The contributors discuss the origins, manifestations, and consequences of vengeance. They illustrate not only how revenge lays bare crucial boundaries and is bound to myth and ritual as well as to survival but also show the profound consequences of revenge for reproduction and the daily workings of society.
Additional library resources on contemporary Indigenous Populations in Latin America are available here. Other material portraying more historical reading about colonial indigenous life is available here.
Los pueblos indígenas de México: 100 preguntas by
Call Number: 972 Z751p
Publication Date: México: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 2004.
This book was intended as a guide for students and researchers who begin to study indigenous populations in Mexico. It addresses core questions that authors identified as needing further dissemination during their experience as researchers and as faculty at the National University of Mexico (UNAM). The book presents a succinct but rigorous overview of 100 questions related with indigenous populations, using references form varied academic sources, as well as form governmental and non-governmental organizations on matters as policy and politics, anthropology, sociodemographic issues, linguistics, juridical processes, and others.
The Aztecs by
Call Number: F1219.73 .G7813 1992
Publication Date: New York : H.N. Abrams, 1992.
Well-written, loaded with information, and with a rich assortment of illustrations, each Discoveries RM volume is a look at one facet of art, archaeology, music, history, philosophy, popular culture, science, or nature. These innovatively designed, affordably priced, compact paperbacks bring ideas to life and amplify our understanding of civilization in a new way.
Los Antiguos Mayas by
Call Number: 972.800497 M451R
Publication Date: México, D.F. : Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1981.
This books presents Maya culture read from their own historical reality. It contains a critical reading, based on historical materialism as theoretical framework.
Unfinished Conquest by
Call Number: 972.81053 P414U
Publication Date: Berkeley : University of California Press, c1993.
Spanning the years of civil war in Guatemala, Unfinished Conquest portrays an embattled country facing the third cycle of a conquest that began when the conquistadors arrived in the sixteenth century. As personal narrative weaves with reportage and oral testimony, we meet the victims, champions, and villains of a society torn apart by violence and injustice.
Memories of Conquest by
Call Number: (online resource)
Publication Date: Chapel Hill : University of North Carolina Press, ©2012.
Indigenous allies helped the Spanish gain a foothold in the Americas. What did these Indian conquistadors expect from the partnership, and what were the implications of their involvement in Spain's New World empire? Laura Matthew's study of Ciudad Vieja, Guatemala--the first study to focus on a single allied colony over the entire colonial period--places the Nahua, Zapotec, and Mixtec conquistadors of Guatemala and their descendants within a deeply Mesoamerican historical context. Drawing on archives, ethnography, and colonial Mesoamerican maps, Matthew argues that the conquest cannot be fully understood without considering how these Indian conquistadors first invaded and then, of their own accord and largely by their own rules, settled in Central America. ...Throughout "Memories of Conquest," Matthew charts the power of colonialism to reshape and restrict Mesoamerican society--even for those most favored by colonial policy and despite powerful continuities in Mesoamerican culture.
A large variety of resources on indigenous population from this region are available at the library. These include indigenous communities from Mexico, contemporary and colonial Central America, and the Caribbean. Includes several resources accessible online.
Images of Public Wealth or the Anatomy of Well-Being in Indigenous Amazonia by
Call Number: F2230.1.E25 I57 2015
Publication Date: Tucson: The University of Arizona Press, 2015.
"This book explores local notions of public wealth in indigenous Amazonia, placing particular importance in how indigenous views of wealth are linked to the creation of strong, productive, and moral individuals and collectivities, providing thought-provoking new approaches to understanding wealth in non-capitalist, kin-based societies"--Provided by publisher.
Indigenous Peoples and the Future of Amazonia by
Publication Date: ucson : University of Arizona Press, c1995.
This book compiles essays that address issues relevant to examine native populations and environment in the Amazon region, from the perspective of human and political ecology
In Amazonia: a natural history by
Call Number: 306.09811 R123i
Publication Date: Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press, c2002.
This book draws from a wide range of material to demonstrate--in contrast to the tendency to downplay human agency in the Amazon--that the region is an outcome of the intimately intertwined histories of humans and nonhumans. The book suggests a natural history where humans, animals, rivers, and forests all participate in the making of a region that remains today at the center of debates in environmental politics.
Cubeo Hehénewa Religious Thought by
Call Number: 299.8835G569c
Publication Date: New York : Columbia University Press, c2004.
The societies of the Vaupés region are now among the most documented indigenous cultures of the New World, in part because they are thought to resemble earlier civilizations lost during initial colonial conflict. Here at last is the eagerly awaited publication of a posthumous work by the man widely regarded as the preeminent authority on Vaupés Amazonian societies. Cubeo Hehénewa Religious Thought will be the definitive account of the religious worldview of a significant Amazonian culture. Cubeo religious thought incorporates ideas about the nature of the cosmos, society, and human life; the individual's orientation to the world; the use of hallucinogenic substances; and a New World metaphysics. This volume was substantially completed before Irving Goldman's death, but Peter Wilson has edited it for publication, providing a thorough introduction to Goldman's work.
Additional resources at the library about indigenous communities in the Amazon are available here.
Earth Beings by
Call Number: GN564.P4 C34 2015
Publication Date: Durham : Duke University Press, 2015.
Earth Beings is the fruit of Marisol de la Cadena's decade-long conversations with Mariano and Nazario Turpo, father and son, runakuna or Quechua people. Concerned with the mutual entanglements of indigenous and nonindigenous worlds, and the partial connections between them, de la Cadena presents how the Turpos' indigenous ways of knowing and being include and exceed modern and nonmodern practices. Her discussion of indigenous political strategies--a realm that need not abide by binary logics--reconfigures how to think about and question modern politics, while pushing her readers to think beyond "hybridity" and toward translation, communication that accepts incommensurability, and mutual difference as conditions for ethnography to work.
Las Lenguas de los Incas by
Call Number: 983.23 C336l
Publication Date: Frankfurt am Main : PL Academic Research, 
This volume compiles 14 essays concerning the evolution of Inca languages throughout their history. The book addresses first the "puquina", a language native to the Andean high-plateau. Then, the book covers the Aymara and Quechua languages, which are native from the center of the Andes. These essays are studies of historical-linguistic and applied philology, based on ethno-history and ethno-archaeology data from the Andean region. These studies seek to challenge existing theories concerning Inca cultural history and linguistic history.
Casa-grande y senzala : introducción a la historia de la sociedad patriarcal en el Brasil by
Call Number: 981 F89CA
Publication Date: Caracas : Biblioteca Ayacucho, 1977.
This book provides a sociological and historical analysis of Brazil's colonial history and its connections with the social composition of contemporary Brazil. This is one of the most important classical analysis of Latin American identity.
An electronic version of this material is also available.
The Cities of the Ancient Andes by
Call Number: 980.01 V895c
Publication Date: New York, N.Y. : Thames and Hudson, 1998.
Presenting a study of the civilizations which ruled the Andean regions before the arrival of the Spanish, this book describes how the diversity of the Andean landscape has stamped a special character on its mysterious cities, which followed sacred geometry and were places for religious worship.
Ancient Titicaca by
Call Number: (Online resource)
Publication Date: Berkeley : University of California Press, 2005.
One of the richest and most complex civilizations in ancient America evolved around Lake Titicaca in southern Peru and northern Bolivia. This book is the first comprehensive synthesis of four thousand years of prehistory for the entire Titicaca region. It is a fascinating story of the transition from hunting and gathering to early agriculture, to the formation of the Tiwanaku and Pucara civilizations, and to the double conquest of the region, first by the powerful neighboring Inca in the fifteenth century and a century later by the Spanish Crown. Based on more than fifteen years of field research in Peru and Bolivia, Charles Stanish's book brings together a wide range of ethnographic, historical, and archaeological data, including material that has not yet been published. This landmark work brings the author's intimate knowledge of the ethnography and archaeology in this region to bear on major theoretical concerns in evolutionary anthropology. Stanish provides a broad comparative framework for evaluating how these complex societies developed. After giving an overview of the region's archaeology and cultural history, he discusses the history of archaeological research in the Titicaca Basin, as well as its geography, ecology, and ethnography. He then synthesizes the data from six archaeological periods in the Titicaca Basin within an evolutionary anthropological framework. Titicaca Basin prehistory has long been viewed through the lens of first Inca intellectuals and the Spanish state. This book demonstrates that the ancestors of the Aymara people of the Titicaca Basin rivaled the Incas in wealth, sophistication, and cultural genius. The provocative data and interpretations of this book will also make us think anew about the rise and fall of other civilizations throughout history.
South American Kinship by
Call Number: 306.830981 SO87
Publication Date: Dallas, Tex.: International Museum of Cultures, 1985.
Studies representing the following languages: Paumarí, Cubeo, Tucano, Kayabí and Suruí, spoken in Brazil, and Coguí, Guahibo, and Coreguaje, spoken in Colombia.
The library holds a large collection on this subject area. We encourage you to explore resources about colonial practices of "encomiendas" and "misiones". Particular resources by country are available: Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Peru, Brazil, Guyana, and Surinam.
Belonging to the Land by
Call Number: Q. 982.42 L33p
Publication Date: Copenhague, Dinamarca : IWGIA ; 2004.
The book presents the life of the communities of the Chaco region in the Argentine north, through the images of photographer Pablo Lasansky. The black and white photographs are the result of two years of work with communities of the Wichi. Toba, and Chorate peoples, organized in the Lhaka Honhat Association of Native Communities. The work is part of a campaign by the indigenous organization to create awareness of the existence of these communities and of their demands for the legalization of their traditional territories. Pablo Lasansky is head of the photography department of the Noticias Argentinas agency and works with IWGIA to produce images of the various indigenous peoples of South America. He was involved as a photographer and editor in the "Argentinian Photojournalism" exhibitions that documented the transition to democracy in Argentina and has had photos published in Democracia Vigilada, Argentina En Fotos, and Argentina, Patrimonio. He won the Interpress Photo prize in Moscow in 1985. Francisco Perez is the president of Lhaka Honhat and coordinator of the Association of Aboriginal Communities. Morita Carrasco is an anthropologist.
Voces indígenas de la Patagonia : el escarabajo en la arena by
Call Number: 982.700498 L619v
Publication Date: Buenos Aires ; Danish Center for Culture and Development : 2002.
This book presents an study of Mapuche communities, covering both, their recent and violent colonization (only in the late 1800s) and their present reality as a struggling community in defense of their identity.
(Summary from Librería Desnivel database)
The Transformations of Araucania from Valdivia's Letters to Vivar's Chronicle by
Call Number: 983.01 C811t
Publication Date: New York : P. Lang, c2001.
This book is a study of the representations of the conquistador, the native inhabitants, and the landscape in two accounts of the conquest of Chile - Pedro de Valdivia's Cartas de relacón written to the Emperor Charles V between 1545 and 1552 and Gerónimo de Vivar's chronicle completed in 1558. Having had access to Valdivia's letters, Vivar transformed the conquistador's images of the conquest to suit his very different purpose for writing, his audience, and the genre in which he wrote. In order to set forth their different interpretations of this historic event, both writers availed themselves of rhetorical devices and techniques as well as familiar modes of narrative construction.
The Araucaniad by
Call Number: (Electronic Resource)
Publication Date: Nashville, TN : The Vanderbilt University Press, 2013.
The first English translation of this an masterpiece of Chilean poetry.
The Spanish version is also available at the library:
"La Araucana" Call Number: PQ6389 .A2 1993
Resources on communities in the south cone, are available at the library. These include a large variety of material concerning the Mapuche communities in Chile, indigenous communities from northern Argentina, communities from Patagonia in Argentina and Chile, and communities from Uruguay and Paraguay.
Through the Library's subscription to Kanopy streaming, all University community has access to a set of films and documentaries on Latin American Indigenous communities. This collection includes films on cultural traditions, archeological vestiges, territories and landscapes of native communities, changes and conflicts related with indigenous communities, among others. These films showcase a broad range of Latin American countries, including Mesoamerica and the Caribbean, and South America
Assistant Professor and Librarian of Latin American and Caribbean Studies
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