Skip to Main Content

University Library, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

HIST 498: Orientalism and Its Critics: Primary Resource

How do we study the history and culture of a people unknown to ourselves without projecting our own values and views upon them?

Primary Resource

What is a primary source?

Primary sources are original artifacts or documents. They offer contemporary accounts from participants or people directly involved in an event. To find out more about secondary sources, see our secondary sources page.

Examples include:

  • Diaries and literary memoirs
  • Letters/ Correspondence
  • Artistic works (musical and visual arts)
  • News segments/transcripts
  • Speeches
  • Interviews
  • Editorials
  • Legal documents and Statistics




Historical photographs of the Middle East: from the Middle East Centre, St. Anthony’s College, Oxford
Reproduces a substantial collection of photographs of the Middle East, now held at the Middle East Centre. Arranged by country.

Records of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, part II, 1946-1953, the Middle East [microform].
This collection "includes the intelligence gathering, military reporting, and various draft plans out of which U.S. military and political policy arose.