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"Hydraulic fracturing, informally referred to as “fracking,” is an oil and gas well development process that typically involves injecting water, sand, and chemicals under high pressure into a bedrock formation via the well. This process is intended to create new fractures in the rock as well as increase the size, extent, and connectivity of existing fractures. Hydraulic fracturing is a well-stimulation technique used commonly in low-permeability rocks like tight sandstone, shale, and some coal beds to increase oil and/or gas flow to a well from petroleum-bearing rock formations" (Source: Hydraulic Fracturing, USGS Energy Resources Program). On October 3, 2013 the Illinois Department of Natural Resources opened registration for the Hydraulic Fracturing permit process in Illinois.
Hydraulic Fracturing Regulatory Act
"Prohibits high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations performed without a permit. Regulates where high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations are proposed, planned, or occurring may be located. Provides requirements for permit applications, modification, suspension, and revocation of permits, insurance, well construction and drilling, disclosures, water quality monitoring, investigation and enforcement, violations and penalties, and administrative review. Authorizes the Department of Natural Resources to adopt rules as may be necessary to accomplish the purposes of this Act. "
The Prairie Research Institute at Work
What We Know, What We Don’t Know, and What We Hope to Learn about Natural Gas Development. Podcasts from a lecture series organized by the Center for the American West, Boulder County, and the AirWaterGas Research Network.