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Energy-Water Nexus Research Guide: Hydraulic Fracturing

Find information on the connection between water and energy


"Hydraulic fracturing, informally referred to as “fracking,” is an oil and gas well development process that typically involves injecting water, sand, and chemicals under high pressure into a bedrock formation via the well. This process is intended to create new fractures in the rock as well as increase the size, extent, and connectivity of existing fractures. Hydraulic fracturing is a well-stimulation technique used commonly in low-permeability rocks like tight sandstone, shale, and some coal beds to increase oil and/or gas flow to a well from petroleum-bearing rock formations" (Source:  Hydraulic Fracturing, USGS Energy Resources Program).   On October 3, 2013 the Illinois Department of Natural Resources opened registration for the Hydraulic Fracturing permit process in Illinois

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