This guide will provide an overview of the Syrian conflict. It will briefly cover the history of the conflict, the humanitarian crisis, the major actors in the conflict (Bashar al-Assad's government, ISIS, Hay'at Tahrir al-Sham, the Free Syrian Army, Russia, the US, etc.), and current news. The war is extremely complex with a multitude of different internal and external actors, so this guide will provide a series of resources, reports, maps, videos, and infographics to help explain it and provide information for those seeking to understand it.
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The Syrian conflict (also referred to as the Syrian Civil War) sprung from protests and revolts in the wake of the Arab Spring in early 2011. Syria’s President Bashar al-Assad, unlike the autocratic rulers of Tunisia, Egypt, and Yemen, was not forced from power. He launched a series of violent reprisals against protesting peoples and areas. This escalated the conflict, which soon spiraled into a brutal civil war. Millions have since been displaced and hundred of thousands have died. The conflict has drawn in numerous outside actors that have attempted to influence, or benefit from, the conflict.
Laila Hussein Moustafa