" " Google will look up a phrase as one item if it is surrounded in quotes. Quotes are best used for pairs of words that don't frequently occur together.
e.g. -- "solar industry"
- The minus sign is equal to saying "not" or "don't include this in the search results".
e.g. -- diet soda -pepsi
* The asterisk is sometimes known as the "wildcard". Use this if you're unsure of a word in a phrase
e.g. -- seven habits * people
OR Use OR if you are trying to search with more than one term and would like for one or both of the terms to be found. In Goole, OR must be capitalized for the search to work correctly.
e.g. -- rock OR roll
~ A tilde in front of a word will search among that word and its synonyms. Note that there is no space between the tilde and the word.
e.g. -- ~crime
AROUND(n) Searches for words that are within a certain range of other words. Must capitalize AROUND for this to work.
e.g. -- "steve jobs" AROUND(3) environment
intitle -- intitle:Louisiana hurricane
Google will serach for page titles with "Louisiana" and everywhere for "hurricane".
allintitle -- allintitle:Louisiana hurricane
Google will serach for page titles with "Louisiana hurricane".
inurl -- inurl:illinois
Use to find pages from a specific organization based on their URL. Combining the above search term with, for instance, the word "engineering" will search URLs conatining "Illinois" for the term "engineering".
site -- site:de
Can be used to find pages by an organization, geographical region, or from a .org domain versus a .com. The above search will find German websites.
link -- link:illinois.edu
The link feature finds pages containing links to a specific website. The above search, for example, will list all websites that link to illinois.edu.
related -- related:www.stumbleupon.com
Use related to find pages related to the page you are searching for. Can be an extremely effective way of finding new websites.
cache -- cache:www.whitehouse.gov
This operator will show an older, saved version of a website. If someone takes a webpage down you may be able to use cache to access a version of the page before it was changed.
filetype -- filetype:pdf
Searches for a specific type of file.
*Note the spacing of these examples. If a space is inserted between the command and the search term, the search will not work correctly.
Because Google likes to keep its main search page as simple as possible, there is no quick way to access Google Advanced Search from the default Google search page.
To access Advanced Search, enter a search and click the gear icon, like the one below, on the right side of the results page. If you plan on using Advanced Search often, you may want to bookmark the Google Advanced Search URL.
The Advanced Search page contains these two colums, which offer alternatives to the search terms listed on the left side of this Libguide page.
The "Last updated" field is one of the most useful functions on the advanced search page. This lets you find the newest thing published on a topic.
When searching for your query, Google will consider the order in which your search is worded, so that words that are close together in your search are more highly ranked in the results. This means you should enter your searches in the word order that makes the most sense for your search.
Tips from the Google Search Help Center