Boneyard Creek is a 3.3-mile-long (5.3 km) waterway that drains much of the cities of Champaign and Urbana, Illinois. It is a tributary of the Saline Branch of the Salt Fork Vermilion River, which is a tributary of the south-flowing Vermilion River and the Wabash River.
image source: "How we remembered Boneyard Creek", from Smile Politely, accessed on 11/17/2019
Historically, the central Illinois area of Champaign and Urbana was once a mixture of prairie and marshes. As the villages became cities, and became more and more paved and roofed, more and more water - after storms - ran into the Boneyard than before and more quickly.
Want to read more? Check the LibGuide for Boneyard Creek Project.
Because Champaign County is a very flat place, controlling stormwater runoff is very critical to prevent flooding.
The Boneyard Creek Improvement Plan
image source: West Washington Street Watershed Master Plan, City of Champaign, accessed on 11/17/2019