These are online reference resources which provide introductions and topic articles for special subjects, written by scholarly authors. These articles often include extensive bibliographies, which make them valuable resources for citation chasing.
Other Useful Guides
Online reference resources provided by Oxford Reference share a common search interface, with the exception of Oxford Islamic Studies Online.
Oxford Reference does not provide detailed documentation on any special features of its search engine. Two forms of searching are supported.
Oxford Reference supports the use of the boolean operators AND, OR, and NOT. They must be capitalized to be parsed correctly. Unquoted search terms separated by white space implicitly have an "AND" connecting them.
Multiple words grouped together with quotation marks are treated as a single search term. It is not clear what effect quotation marks have on boolean operators.
Oxford Reference does not have an advanced search interface. However, it does allow for fairly robust post-search narrowing of search results. General features are described below.
Oxford Islamic Studies Online offers a distinct search interface from the rest of Oxford's resources.
Oxford Islamic Studies offers 7 different types of searches, available through the advanced search interface.To access them:
1. Locate the Advanced Search tab in Oxford Islamic Studies Online's navigation bar
2. Mouse over this tab to bring up the following menu
Search engines support AND, OR, and NOT operators. They must be entered in UPPERCASE.
The relationship between terms separated by whitespace is not documented publicly, but is assumed to be additive (an AND is implied between search terms).
Quoted phrases are treated as single search terms, regardless of internal whitespace. Boolean operators break up quoted phrases and lead to usually undesirable results. For example, "boys AND girls" is interpreted as the search terms '"boys' and the search term 'girls"' joined with AND.
Oxford Islamic Studies Online also supports the NEAR keyword, which matches if the left term is near the right term within the text of an article.
Online reference resources provided by Credo Reference share a common search interface.
Credo Reference does not provide detailed documentation on any special features of its search engine. In general, it allows for three major forms of searches.
Credo Reference's advanced search is accessed by clicking the "Advanced Search" link to the right of the basic site search bar
Credo Reference allows you to define boolean relationships between search terms by placing terms in different boxes. You have 4 boxes to choose from:
Additonal options include: