The DOE Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium shares technical information and experiences related to LED street and area lighting demonstrations. The Consortium also serves as an objective resource for evaluating new products on the market intended for street and area lighting applications.
Describes the problems that astronomers and other night sky observers face because of information loss due to light pollution, as well as the problems lighting technologists face in optimizing outdoor lighting installations to reduce light pollution.
Considers the environmental effects of the intentional illumination of the night. It brings together leading scientists from around the world to review the state of knowledge on the subject and to describe specific effects that have been observed across a full range of taxonomic groups, including mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians, fishes, invertebrates, and plants.
It is the intent of this Code to define practical and effective measures by which the obtrusive aspects of outdoor light usage can be reduced, while preserving safety, security, and the nighttime use and enjoyment of property. These measures are intended to curtail the degradation of the nighttime visual environment, reduce light trespass, glare, energy and resource waste by encouraging lighting practices that direct appropriate amounts of light where and when it is needed, increasing the use of energy-efficient sources, and decreasing the use of poorly shielded or inappropriately directed lighting fixtures.