NVivo is a software program used for qualitative and mixed-methods research. Specifically, it is used for the analysis of unstructured text, audio, video, and image data, including (but not limited to) interviews, focus groups, surveys, social media, and journal articles. It is produced by QSR International. As of October 2018, it is available for both Windows and Macintosh operating systems; however, the Macintosh version is missing some of the features that the Windows version has. Different editions of NVivo also have different features; see the comparison.
The newest version is NVivo 12 for Windows and Mac. There is a Pro and Plus edition for Windows. The Scholarly Commons hosts Windows version 11 Pro Edition.
The Mac version of NVivo lacks some features of the Windows version. See the comparison.
At this time, QSR International offers free 14 day trials of NVivo 12 for Windows and Mac. Check out the free trial here.
Illinois affiliates can also use NVivo in the Scholarly Commons (version 11 Pro Edition).
To import a source, click the "Data" menu and choose the appropriate data option.
Click "Browse" to locate the file in your directory and select the desired file. This will now appear in your "Internals" folder in the Navigation Bar under "Sources." You may find it helpful to create folders under "Internals" to further specify what kind of internals are located there. These could include PDFs, audio files, video files, etc.
You can also get started testing NVivo's features and capabilities using the sample project.
Nodes are the containers for codes, themes in your project, memos you write to yourself, and more. They embody concepts and use your codes as evidence of the existence of that concept. You can create nodes as you analyze your data, or you can create them beforehand. This will largely depend on the kind of data you are analyzing as well as the chosen methodology of your project.
To create a new Node, click "Analyze" menu, then "New Node." You will need to name your new Node and provide a description. Your new Node will be stored in the "Nodes" folder automatically, but if you have existing nodes you can choose to nest your new Node under an existing Node. Check the "Aggregate coding from child nodes" box if you wish to nest Nodes.
Codes can be thought of as quotes you pull from your Sources that embody themes and share relationships with other Sources. You will always "Code at a Node." This simply means your highlighted portion of data (the Code) will be stored in a relevant container (the Node). Your Codes can be stored in multiple Nodes.
To Code, simply highlight a section of relevant text (or a segment of an audio or video file) and Code the Selection at a Node. This can be accomplished by right clicking and selecting at which Node to Code, or by going to the "Analyze" menu and selecting where to code. The former option is generally more cohesive to a steady workflow.
NCapture is a browser add-on that takes a snap-shot of the webpage you are currently on and saves it as a file-type specific to NVivo which then essentially works like a PDF. The NCapture button is located in different areas in each browser. You can import each NCapture into NVivo by selecting the "From Other Sources" option from the "External Data" tab in the "Ribbon." You can batch import NCaptures rather than one file at a time, streamlining the process. NCaptures make it easy to grab social media data, such as tweets or Facebook pages.