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University Library, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

GLBL 240: Global Health: Policy and Governance: Getting Started

Citing Your Sources

Citing a Source - Find out about the wide variety of citation styles for both print and electronic resources.

Instructions on APA formatting and style are available from the Purdue Online Writing Lab.

Citation Management Software can make your writing (and your life) easier.

Thinking Critically About Information Sources

Guide to Critical Thinking - Use this checklist to evaluate a potential information source and determine its suitability for your information needs.

Tools for Determining Bias -  This includes The Right Guide: A Guide to Conservative and Right-of-Center Organizations - Q.320.5202573 R4491997 in the Social Science, Health and Education Library (SSHEL) and The Left Guide: A Guide to Left-of-Center Organizations - Q.320.51 L522 also in the SSHEL reference collection.

Analyzing and Evaluating Resources

Writing Help

Sometimes we have problems meaning what we say and saying what we mean.  If you would like to have someone work with you, contact the Writers Workshop.  From their website: "The Writers Workshop, part of the Center for Writing Studies, is the writing center at Illinois. They provide free writing assistance for University of Illinois students, faculty, and staff from all disciplines and at all stages of the writing process. Discuss your writing with consultants who are experienced writers and teachers of writing. Call (217) 333-8796 (or drop-in) to set up a 50-minute session at one of the four Workshop locations

Library Catalogs

If the Library does not have the book you need, or else the book you need is checked out, then you should next search the:

Find Journals and Articles

The library catalog can also help you find specific journals online or in print. If you already know which journal article you need, it's best to begin here.  You can see whether the journal is available and where you can access it full-text:

Online Journals Catalog


What are Encyclopedias?

Encyclopedias attempt to summarize the state of knowledge in a given field of inquiry. That field of inquiry is usually defined in the title. For example, the Encyclopedia of the Mexican American War summarizes what is known about this conflict (as of the date of the encyclopedia's publication!). Encyclopedias not only give you the broad overview of the field, but they often recommend sources (usually secondary sources, but sometimes also primary sources) to consult for further research.

Digital Collections of Encyclopedias

Primary, Secondary, and Other Types of Resources

What are primary sources?

If you are seeking to learn about the past, primary sources of information are those that provide first-hand accounts of the events, practices, or conditions you are researching. In general, these are documents that were created by the witnesses or first recorders of these events at about the time they occurred, and include diaries, letters, reports, photographs, creative works, financial records, memos, and newspaper articles (to name just a few types).

What is a scholarly resource? 

Scholarly sources (also referred to as academic, peer-reviewed, or refereed) are written by experts in a particular field and serve to keep others interested in that field up to date on the most recent research, findings, and news. These resources will provide the most substantial information for your research and papers.  When a source has been peer-reviewed it has undergone the review and scrutiny of a review board of colleagues in the author's field. They evaluate this source as part of the body of research for a particular discipline and make recommendations regarding its publication in a journal, revisions prior to publication, or, in some cases, reject its publication.