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University Library, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM)


Does this evidence matter for this patient with this problem?

•Is the study(studies) population similar to the patient?
•If not does it matter?
•Would the benefit be worth potential risk or harm?
•Does the intervention fit into patient beliefs and values?
•Is the intervention affordable and available?
•What are the implications of “doing nothing”


The final step in EBM is to evaluate the effectiveness of your decision. This includes evaluating your search process, your analysis and appraisal, and your implementation. Your evaluation can help you make changes in future decisions.

Questions to ask

•How successful/satisfactory was the intervention
•Would it be appropriate for other similar patients?
•What could be done differently or better
•Patient-Centered Outcomes (quality of life, mobility) vs. Clinical Outcomes (lower blood pressure, better glycemic control)