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University Library, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Evidence-Based Medicine: What is EBM?

A guide to tools and resources on the topic of Evidence-Based Medicine

What is EBM?

Evidence-Based Medicine, or EBM, relies on best available evidence combined with clinician expertise and patient values to make health care decisions. The term Evidence-Based Medicine was first used in 1992, but the concept has grown exponentially in popularity since then.

Best Evidence

"Best Evidence" is

  • valid
  • clinically relevant
  • patient-centered
  • from reputable sources

Clinician Expertise

"Clinician Expertise" refers to the education, knowledge, and experiences of the clinician that assist in decision-making.

Patient Values

"Patient Values" are the patient's circumstances, desires or wishes, previous experiences, concerns, and expectations that they bring to each clinical encounter.