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Buying into the Environment by
Publication Date: 2003-01-01
Examines the prospects for and likely outcomes of the widespread uptake of leading-edge green purchasing practices in European cities. The most relevant product groups for eco-procurement are analysed, and solutions to barriers preventing their uptake proposed.
Green purchasing adds environmental considerations to the price and performance criteria that organizations use to make purchasing decisions. Green purchasing considers supply chain management and is also known as environmentally preferred purchasing (EPP), green procurement, affirmative procurement, eco-procurement, and environmentally responsible purchasing. Green purchasing attempts to identify and reduce environmental impact and to maximize resource efficiency.
Five Guiding Principles
- Consider environmental factors in addition to price and performance.
- Emphasize pollution prevention early in the purchasing process. Consider packaging and whether the product contains or produces toxics.
- Examine multiple environmental attributes throughout a product's or service's life cycle. Look at the whole life of the product, from manufacture through use and disposal.
- Compare relative environmental impacts when selecting products and services.
- Collect and base purchasing decisions on accurate and meaningful information about environmental performance.
The books below are general guides to green purchasing for institutions. For information on greenwashing and purchasing of specific products with significant environmental impact, see the following pages:
Closed Loop Supply Chains by
Publication Date: 2010-04-21
Closed-loop supply chain activities such as remanufacturing, recycling, dismantling for spare parts, and reverse logistics have helped many companies tap into different revenue streams by finding secondary markets for their products, all while reducing their overall carbon footprint. This book discusses various closed-loop supply chain processes.
Environmental Issues in Supply Chain Management by
Publication Date: 2012-06-07
The aim of the book is to present the emerging environmental issues in organization and management of complex supply chains. The book includes set of solutions which show different stakeholders' viewpoints on sustainability. The scope of book takes into consideration how the emerging environmental regulation might be transformed into business practices. Therefore, the authors present the innovative approach to eco-friendly organization and coordination of logistics processes and supply chain configuration. A broad scope of practical solutions from different countries and industries is provided.
Green Logistics by
Publication Date: 2010-03-03
Green Logistics analyzes the environmental consequences of logistics and how to deal with them. Written by a leading team of logistics academics, the book examines ways of reducing these externalities and achieving a more sustainable balance between economic, environmental, and social objectives.
Greener Purchasing by
Publication Date: 1998-01-01
A study of greener purchasing opportunities and innovations. Divided into four sections, covering "The Public Sector", "The Private Sector", "Innovations" and "Case Studies", it brings together expertise from four continents, including contributions from US EPA, Xerox and The Body Shop.
Greening the Supply Chain by
Publication Date: 2006-07-20
Since the 1992 Rio summit, corporate environmental responsibility has grown beyond complying with increasingly stringent environmental regulation and taking up proactive initiatives. This work includes case studies of green supply chain practices which describe the complexities faced and their resolution.
Purchasing Power by
Publication Date: 2003-01-01
Through the things that they buy, large institutions wield great influence over the future of our planet. Nearly every institutional purchase, from office paper to buildings, entails hidden costs for the natural environment and the world's people. Shifting just a portion of that spending away from harmful goods and services to more environmentally friendly alternatives can benefit ecosystems and communities, save money, and send a powerful message to markets on behalf of more sustainable options. Although not a panacea, harnessing institutional purchasing may be one of the most powerful tools available for shifting patterns of production and consumption toward sustainability. A number of organizations are working hard to push institutional purchasers to respond to rising demands for a more sustainable world.
Model Purchasing Policies
Below are links to examples of green purchasing policies, which you can use when crafting one for your organization.