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All About Hydraulic Fracking - Smyser: Home

Overview of Paper Guidelines

Welcome! Below are more instructions for your upcoming paper:

Using what you have already learned about the construction and composition of the earth and research that you will be doing for this paper on the process of fracking, a method of extracting petroleum resources from deep in the earth will be examined.  This paper will cover extensive information.  It will require comprehensive research and writing of approximately 5 pages or more.  It is worth 100 project/test points.  Topics that should be covered include the following:

  1. What is fracking?
  2. What are the benefits of fracking?
  3. What are the negative short-term consequences of fracking?
  4. What are the potential negative long-term consequences of fracking?
  5. If it were up to you, how do you think fracking should be regulated or utilized?

The paper should be written in APA format using appropriate internal citations.  One source, at least, must be a scientific journal or primary source, but more of these sources are recommended. If there is more than one sentence that draws information from the same source, then include the source at the end of all of the information.  An exception to this would be unless a direct quote or citation of a specific statistic.  In this case, include the citation at the end of that sentence also.  The generic structure for a website source is:

 Last, F. M. (Year, Month Date Published). Article title. Retrieved from URL

For example,

Many scientists and civilians debate the beneficial and harmful potential of fracking.  “Hydraulic fracturing, better known as fracking, is the process of drilling into shale formations and injecting a cocktail of water, sand, and chemicals to create tiny fractures that access pockets of oil and natural gas” (Miller, 2015).

Full citation (with a number for the numerical list):

  1. Miller, J. (2015, June 24). Why It’s So Hard To Regulate Fracking. The American Prospect. Retrieved from

Please remember other scientific paper recommendations, such as: no contractions, write in the third person, do not use slang, etc.  For this assignment, use the third person throughout the paper despite some of it being opinion.