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University Library, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Citing Sources

An Undergraduate Library guide providing information and suggested resources for citing sources.

APA Style

The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association describes the rules used to write papers following APA style. This style is used in psychology, sociology, business, economics, nursing, social work, and criminology. Information about using APA style can be found in the following places:

APA: Quick Guide

APA: Quick Guide (Accessible View)

APA (American Psychological Association)

*Use hanging indentation after the first row of text if reference is multiple rows of text long.

Books

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Publisher. DOI (if available)

Journal Articles

Author, A. A., Author B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages. http://dx.doi.org/xx.xxx/yyyy

Websites

Author, A. A., & Author, B.B. (Year, Month Date). Title of webpage. Name of Website. URL

In Text

(Author, Year of publication, p. #)

References

APA style introduction (n.d.). Purdue OWL. Retrieved July 16, 2021, from https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_style/apa_style_introduction.html

Learn more at: https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/purdue_owl.html