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University Library, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Citing Sources

A guide providing information and suggested resources on citing sources.

APA Style

The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association describes the rules used to write papers following APA style. This style is used in psychology, sociology, business, economics, nursing, social work, and criminology. Information about using APA style can be found in the following places:

APA: Quick Guide

APA (American Psychological Association)

*Use hanging indentation after the first row of text if reference is multiple rows of text long.


Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Publisher. DOI (if available)

Journal Articles

Author, A. A., Author B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages.


Author, A. A., & Author, B.B. (Year, Month Date). Title of webpage. Name of Website. URL

In Text

(Author Last Name, Year of Publication, p. #)

Learn More

Purdue Online Writing Lab: APA Formatting and Style Guide (7th Edition)