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University Library, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Citing Sources in the Performing Arts

APA Style

This citation style, created by the American Psychological Association, is designed for academic sources such as journal articles and books. It is most often used in the social and behavioral sciences, including but not limited to psychology, anthropology, and education. Footnotes are occasionally used to show the source of longer quotations used in your paper (Copyright Permission Footnotes). However, most citations are Author-Date, in-text citations that point readers to sources included in your Reference List.

The University of Illinois has multiple copies of the most recent edition (7th) of the APA Manual, as well as several APA style guides. For more information about this citation style, visit the official APA website at