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University Library, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

String Resource Guide

Keyword Searching in the Catalog

When using a keyword search, every entry in the library's catalog will be checked for the terms you entered into the search bar to see which materials match the search terms. A keyword search will look for the search terms among all aspects of the entries, including the titles of the materials in the catalog, the subject headings for each entry, and the table of contents for each entry. This is the easiest method of searching the catalog and is usually best to use for general searching and/or at the beginning of the research process.

Here is an example of a keyword search:

Cello Subject Headings and Subject Searching in the Catalog

By using a subject search, you can use a prescribed set of terms for library materials known as a controlled vocabulary in the form of subject headings in order to increase the precision of your search. By doing so, you can reduce the number of results that are potentially irrelevant to your search and find more materials that fit your research needs.

Below is a list of searches using subject headings that may prove useful when searching for cello materials in the library catalog. Using quotation marks will return results containing the exact phrasing of the subject heading.

For scores and/or recordings:
Cello and piano music
Violoncello and piano music
Songs with violoncello
Cello music
Violin and cello music
Cello with orchestra
Cello with string orchestra


For scholarship on the cello:
Violoncello instruction and study
Violoncello methods
Violoncello studies and exercises
Violoncellists biography
Violoncello music history and criticism
Violoncellists
Violoncello construction
Violoncello history
Violoncello music history
Violoncello music bibliography

Here is an example of a subject search:

For more information on how to locate materials in the library and how to narrow your search for specific types of materials, such as scores and recordings, please see our guide Finding Music Materials under the tab How-To Guides on the page for Music Research Resources.

Identifying Subjects in Catalog Records

If you want to find more items that share the same subject headings as an item in the catalog, then you can click on the subject headings listed in the topics area of the catalog entry. These act as a hyperlink that will bring you to a results page for other items in the catalog that share that same subject heading. Using these hyperlinks can be an important method for finding related materials in the catalog.

Here are where the topics area in a catalog record for an item is located:

Author Searching in the Catalog

You can use an author search in order to find materials by a specific author. However, a specific composer or performer of certain materials is not always listed as the author of those materials in the catalog. The name used for searching the catalog can be in any configuration during the search (e.g. first and last name or last name, first). However, an author search can yield different results based on different spellings for a name.

Here is an example of an author search:

Cello Call Numbers

The following chart of call numbers for cello materials may serve as a useful tool in your searching and browsing.

For Scores and Recordings

Material Type Library of Congress Call No. Dewey Call No.
Solo Cello M50 - M54 M787.3
Cello and Piano M229 - M231 M787.3
String Duets M286 - M287 M787.04
String Trios M349 - M353 M787.04
String Quartets M450 - M454 M787.04
String Quintets M550 - M554 M787.04
Cello and Orchestra [String and Symphony] M1116 M787.3
Cello and Orchestra [String and Symphony] (Piano Reduction) M1117 M787.3
For Books
Material Type Library of Congress Call No. Dewey Call No.
History and Criticism ML 410, ML910 - ML915 787.3
Biographies ML418 780.9
Bibliographies ML128 787.3
For Methods, Etudes, and Excerpts
Material Type Library of Congress Call No. Dewey Call No.
Cello Instruction and Study MT300 - MT318 M787.3
String Instruction and Study MT440-MT445 M787.107
Methods and Etudes MT302 - MT305 M787.3