Database searching lets you search for articles by topic, method, author or whatever other keyword makes sense for you. Much of the content you'd find in these databases is peer reviewed (but not all).
Peer review is the process through which journals decide what to publish. Before a work is published, it's reviewed by experts in that same field who decide whether the research moves forward our understanding of that area of work and whether the methodology, results and conclusions are appropriate for the study. Some journals have very low acceptance rates. Learn more about peer review with this guide from the Undergraduate Library.
If you just want to locate research in sociology-related journals, try these databases:
Full Text is a phrase we use to indicate the entire article. Usually, this means a PDF file (PDF full text) you can download, but the article can also appear as a website, described as HTML full text. When you search library databases like SocINDEX and Sociological Abstracts, you'll see full-text links for many articles.
If you don't see the full-text option for an article, look for a link that says Discover Full Text. This is a tool that will look for the full text of an article somewhere else in the library's online resources.
Click on the discover full text link and it will take you to this page:
Here you see that there is an online full text option for this article. This page also lets you search the catalog and web search for your article.
Gloria Ladson-Billings. (1995) Towards a Theory of Culturally Relevant Pedagogy. American Educational Research Journal, 32:3, 465-491.
This is how it will look when you put in the information provided
When you then click "Look for journal article or journal title" it should take you directly to the article.
Say you only have the title and not all of the other information, then it will take you to this screen:
If you click "article matches" you will then be taken to the database your search was found in and then you can view your article.