Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

University Library, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

History 498A/495A: U.S. Inequalities, Gilded Age to the Present

A course guide.

1. The Online Catalog

Use the Online Catalog to find books. In the Online Catalog you can search for books by subject, or you identify the location within the Library of a particular book or journal.

Books and journals are organized in the library by subject. Each item is assigned one or more subject headings and a unique call number. Subject headings are standardized terms from the Library of Congress. The call number is based on the Dewey Decimal Classification.

2. I-Share

The UIUC Library is one of 77+ member libraries comprising the I-Share consortium. I-Share libraries share an online catalog, I-Share, and UIUC students, staff, and faculty can borrow directly from the other libraries in the consortium by placing a request through the catalog.

3. Why Bother with Subject Headings?

Why bother with subject headings when you can do keyword searching in the Online Catalog?

It’s true that you can find sources on a topic by doing keyword searches. But if you limit yourself to keyword searching, you are likely to miss important material on your topic that uses other terms. If you only need two or three books, you can probably find what you need by doing keyword searches, but if you are doing historical research, you can’t afford to miss critical material on your topic. For a comprehensive subject search, search with subject headings as well as keywords.

A good way to identify subject headings for a topic is to do a keyword search in the online catalog using terms you think describe the topic and try to identify a few relevant books. Look at the full record for those books to see what subject headings were used, then do another search on those headings.

As a rule of thumb, use fairly broad headings, as well as the specific ones that describe your topic, in order to make sure you haven't inadvertently eliminated relevant material that is contained within works of larger scope. Most likely you will find multiple headings to describe your topic, and you should use all of them. You can narrow your search in the online catalog by combining subject headings (as a phrase) with keywords, using the “Advanced Search” option.

4. Some Example Subject Headings

  • Equality --United States
  • Capitalism --United States
  • Social stratification --United States
  • Affirmative action programs --United States --History --20th century
  • Discrimination in employment --Government policy --United States --History --20th century
  • African Americans --Employment --History --20th century
  • Working class --United States
  • Working class --Illinois --Chicago --History --20th century
  • Social classes --United States.
  • Poverty --United States.
  • Wealth --United States.
  • Middle class --United States.
  • Elite (Social sciences) --United States.
  • Power (Social sciences) --United States.
  • United States. Bureau of Labor Statistics --Periodicals
  • Labor disputes --United States
  • Labor disputes --United States --History
  • Strikes and lockouts --United States --History
  • Industrial relations --United States
  • Labor unions --United States
  • Labor unions --United States --Periodicals
  • Labor unions --United States --Case studies
  • Iron and steel workers --Labor unions --United States
  • Migrant labor --United States
  • Migrant agricultural laborers --United States
  • United Steelworkers of America
  • International Brotherhood of Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Warehousemen and Helpers of America
  • International Union, United Automobile Workers of America (CIO)
  • National Brotherhood of Electrical Workers (U.S.)
  • United Farm Workers
  • American Federation of Labor
  • Labor and laboring classes --United States --History
  • Women labor union members --United States --History
  • Women --Employment --United States --History --20th Century
  • Detroit (Mich.)--Economic conditions
  • New Deal, 1933-1939
  • Depressions --1929 --United States
  • Depressions --1929 --Iowa
  • Depressions --1929 --United States --Personal narratives
  • Depressions --1929 --Illinois --Personal narratives
  • Business relocation.
  • United States --Economic policy --1933-1945
  • United States --Economic policy --1945-1960
  • United States --Economic policy --1961-1971
  • United States --Economic policy --1971-1981
  • United States --Economic policy --1981-1993
  • Globalization
  • Globalization --Social aspects
  • United States --Economic conditions --1918-1945
  • United States --Economic conditions --1945-
  • United States --Economic conditions --1961-1971
  • United States --Economic conditions --1971-1981
  • United States --Economic conditions --1981-2001
  • United States --Politics and government --1929-1933
  • United States --Politics and government --1933-1945
  • United States --Politics and government --1945-1953
  • United States --Politics and government --1945-1989
  • United States --History --1933-1945
  • United States --Social conditions --1933-1945
  • United States --Social conditions --1945-
  • United States --Social conditions --1960-1980
  • Public service employment --United States
  • Job creation --United States
  • Consumption (Economics) --United States
  • Consumption (Economics) --United States --History --20th century
  • Advertising --United States --History
  • Popular culture --United States --History --20th century

5. Searching the Online Catalog

The online catalog offers both “Quick Search” and “Advanced Search” options. Use “Advanced Search” to identify subject headings on your topic, to combine subject headings (or elements from subject headings) in a Boolean search, or to combine keywords from any part of the record with subject headings to narrow your search.

Use “Quick Search” to browse a subject heading, to search a title when you know exactly how it begins, to locate a work or works by a particular author, or to search by call number for a specific book.

6. Digitized Book Collections

In addition to the 12 million+ printed books available to you here in the Library, we also have a rapidly growing collection of digitized books.

Internet Archive and Google Books.
Millions of books digitized from the collections of North American and British research libraries, including University of Illinois. These are the two largest digitized book collections that are free to use.  For the Internet Archive, the UIUC Library has digitized a large number of books about immigration from our collections published before 1923, as well as a corpus of translations from the ethnic press in Chicago, entitled the Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey.


ACLS Humanities E-Book (formerly History E-Book Project).Includes more than 2,000 scholarly books (as of January 2009) in the humanities, made available in digital format by the American Council of Learned Societies.

Pop Culture Universe. A collection of over 300 books on pop culture--mostly reference sources like encyclopedias--along with extensive editorial apparatus like timelines, introductory essays, and more. Browse by decade (1920-present) or subject.