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University Library, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Learning Objects

helping to improve teaching and learning through digital materials

Related Literature

Literature and research related to improve teaching and learning through digital materials. 

Learning Objects Bibliography

Allen, K.(2005). Online learning: Constructivism and conversation as an approach to learning. Innovations in Education and Teaching International, 42(3), 247-256.

Association of American Colleges and Universities (2009). Liberal education and America’s promise (LEAP). Retrieved from

Association of College & Research Libraries (2008). Standards for distance learning library services. Retrieved from

Association of College & Research Libraries (2000). Information literacy competency standards for higher education. Retrieved from

Cook, D. & Sittler, R. L. ,Eds. (2009). Practical Pedagogy for Library Instructors: 17 Innovative Strategies to Improve Student Learning.  Chicago, Association of College and Research Libraries.

Dick, W., Carey, L, & Carey, J.O. (2005). The Systematic Design of Instruction (6th ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Harman, K., & Koohang, A. (2005). Discussion board: A learning object Interdisciplinary Journal of Knowledge & Learning Objects, 1, 67-77. Retrieved from

Holmes, J. (2003). Online learning objects: Helping faculty teach information literacy (and more). Public Services Quarterly, 1(4), 1-9.

Hung, D. (2001). Design principles for web-based learning; implications for Vygotskian thought. Educational Technology, 41(3), 33-41.

Hung, D., & Nichani, M. (2001). Constructivism and e-learning: balancing between the individual and social levels of cognition. Educational Technology, 41(2), 40-44.

Jackson, C.& Mogg, R. (2007). The information literacy resource bank: Re-purposing the wheel. Journal of Information Literacy, 1(1),49-53.

Keown, R. (2007).Learning objects. Distance Learning, 4(4), 73-77.

Koohang et al (2009). E-learning and constructivism: From theory to application Interdisciplinary Journal of E-learning and Learning Objects, 5, 92-109. Retrieved from

Li, Qing (2004).Knowledge building community: Keys for using online forums.  TechTrends: Linking Research& Practice to Improve Learning, 48(4), 24-28,70.

Lockyer, L. et al (2008). Handbook of Research on Learning Design and Learning Objects: Issues, Applications and Technologies. IGI Global snippet.

Mardis, L. & Ury, C. J. (2008). Innovation – an LO library: Reuse of learning objects. Reference Services Review,36(4),389-413.

Mestre, L. S. (2010). Matching up learning styles with learning objects: What's effective? Journal of Library Administration: 50(7-8), 808-82.

Mestre, L.S. et al (2011, May).  Creating learning objects for information literacy:  A survey of librarian usage. College & Research Libraries, 72 (3): 236-252.

Mowart, J. (2008). Creating a learning object design model: A model for redesigning  existing learning into learning objects.VDM Verlag.

Qi, M. (2010). Influence of Culture on Learning Object Design and Evaluation: A Cultural Reference Model for Addressing Culturally Sensitive Factors in the Design and Development of Learning Objects. Lambert Academic Publishing.

Scardamalia, M. (2002). Collective cognitive responsibility for the advancement of knowledge. Retrieved from

Scardamalia, M., & Bereiter, C. (2003). Knowledge building. In Encyclopedia of Education. (2nd ed., Vol. 4, pp. 1370-1373). New York: Thomson Gale.

Sun, S., Joy, M., & Griffiths, N. (2007). The use of learning objects and learning styles in a multi-agent education system.  Journal of Interactive Learning Research, 18 (3), 381-398.

Wiley, David A. (2000). Connecting learning objects to instructional design theory: A definition, a metaphor, and a taxonomy. In D.A. Wiley (Ed.). The Instructional Use of Learning Objects. Available:

Wiggins, G. & McTighe, J. (2005). Understanding by design. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.