The nomination process has produced some of America's juiciest scandals in the past. It's also gone off without a hitch. The following resources may help in undestanding this process. Keep in mind that some sources reflect personal or partisan viewpoints.
In June 2009, Pepperdine School of Law hosted a discussion
titled, "Supreme Court Nominations: The Confirmation Process,"
featuring ABC News Correspondent Jan Crawford Greenburg and Princeton
University Provost Christopher Eisgruber.Part 1 is embedded below, see http://cli.gs/9meyUE for parts 2-4
Article II section 2 of the Constitution states that the Presidents "shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint ... Judges of the Supreme Court..." U.S. Const. art. 2 § 2, cl. 2.
The nomination process is full of rules, regulations and procedures. The following links may provide helpful information in understanding how a Supreme Court Justice is confirmed.