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University Library, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

History 498D: The Eastern Question

A course guide.

Primary Source or Secondary Source?

1.  Mardin, Serif.  The Genesis of Young Ottoman Thought: A Study in the modernization of Turkish Political Ideas.   2000.

2.  "Answer of the Porte to the Russian Manifesto,"  Times, July 14, 1828.

3.  V. L. Menage, "The Annals of Murad II," Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies (University of London), Vol. 39, No. 3 (1976): 570-584.

4.  Code civil ottoman.  1872.

5.  Imperial Classroom: Islam, the State and Education in the Late Ottoman Empire.  2002

6.  The Government of the Ottoman Empire in the Time of Suleiman the Magnificent.  1913.

7.  Impressions of Turkey during Twelve Years' Wanderings.  1897.

8.  "Reforms in Asiatic Turkey," Fraser's, 1879.

9.  "Opinions of the European Press on the Eastern Question, 1836."   A.L. MacFie, Middle Eastern Studies 27, no. 1 (1991): 131-39.