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University Library, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Schizophrenia: Home

This guide provides resources on schizophrenia and other related psychotic disorders..

What is Schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder with symptoms generally lasting longer than 6 months. According to the Gale Encyclopedia of Mental Health, schizophrenia is "a disorder or group of disorders whose symptoms include disturbances in thinking, emotional responsiveness, and behavior." Schizophrenia is associated with "abnormalities of brain structure and function, disorganized speech and behavior, delusions, and hallucinations." DSM-IV: 295.90  ICD-10: F20.9

Other psychotic disorders include:

Schizoaffective disorder: symptoms of schizophrenia and a mood disorder such as depression or bipolar disorder

Schizophreniform disorder: symptoms of schizophrenia that last between 1-6 months DSM-IV: 295.40 ICD-10: F20.81

Brief psychotic disorder: symptoms of psychosis that occurs in a sudden, short period of time, usually in response to a traumatic or emotional event DSM-IV: 298.8 ICD-10: F23

Who is Affected by Schizophrenia?

Although schizophrenia is statistically rare, schizophrenia is one of the most portrayed mental illness in pop culture.

  • Schizophrenia affects more than 21 million people worldwide
  • Around 12 million males have schizophrenia
  • Around 9 million females have schizophrenia
  • Schizophrenia commonly starts earlier in men than in women

Statistics from the World Health Organization-Schizophrenia Fact Sheet

Subject Guide

JJ Pionke

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