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University Library, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign


A guide dedicated to understanding the UK referendum to leave the EU. Our thanks to Jim Church at UC Berkeley for partial content.


In the future, if the UK wants to rejoin the EU, they will have to reapply like any other country. 

The EU and UK are currently in negotiations

But if no deal is agree upon after the two year waiting period, EU treaties will cease to apply and the UK will leave without a deal. 

Theresa May and Donald Tusk

New Prime Minister Theresa May welcomes President of the European Council Donald Tusk to 10 Downing Street in London, Britain, September 8, 2016 (Andy Rain/Pool).

David Cameron

UK Prime Minister David Cameron announces his resignation on June 24, 2016, after losing a referendum to remain in the EU (Stefan Wermuth/Reuters

Boris Johnson

Boris Johnson leaves his home in Islington, north London. Photograph: Sean Smith for the Guardian

European (Dis)integration

European (Dis)integration - by Alexander Dubovsky

Marie Le Pen

France's Front National leader Marie Le Pen gestures as she speaks to journalists at the FN headquarters in Nanterre, calling for referendums on EU membership in France. Photograph: Matthieu Alexandre/AFP/Getty Images

More exits?

More Exits? - cartoon by Rytis Daukantas. A suitable cartoon to represent Lithuania’s leading cartoonist, who also happens to be a qualified architect. Here he is on home ground drawing the gleaming parliament building in Strasbourg and speculating on where the exit might be. Like a fetid belch from toad-faced Farage, “Brexit” is as ugly as the concept it encapsulates, followed closely by “Grexit” and “Spexit”. But “Portugexit” takes this linguistic mashup to a whole new level. “Lithuexit,” anyone?

Inside Brexit Blog: Tracking Legal Developments

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