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University Library, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD): Home

This guide will provide resources on Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD).

What is Body Dysmorphic Disorder?

According to the Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM 5), Body Dysmorphic Disorder is characterized by "preoccupied with one or more perceived defects or flaws in their physical appearance, which they believe look ugly, unattractive, abnormal, or deformed." These flaws are not apparent or only slightly apparent to other individuals. These preoccupations take up multiple hours a day. Individuals will have "excessive repetitive behaviors or mental acts (e.g., comparing) are performed in response to the preoccupation," which are hard to control.

DSM IV: 300.7

ICD-10: F45.22

Who is Affected by BDD?

  • Around 2.4% of U.S. adults have BDD
  • BDD is slightly more common in women than men
  • The most common age of BDD onset is 12-13 years old

(Statistics from the Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM 5))

Subject Guide

JJ Pionke

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