Yemeni rebel fighters named for Hussein Badreddin al-Houthi, based in the Shia Zaydi-majority northern Sa’dah governorate. Houthis seized control of the capital of Sanaa in September 2014. The Houthi tribes in Yemen are a Shiite minority along the Saudi border.
President of Yemen from 1978 (when he served as president of North Yemen until reunification in 1990) until stepping down in 2011. Saleh retains control over some of the country’s security forces, who are loyal to him and not his successor President Hadi. Saleh has allied with the Houthis against President Hadi.
Formerly Saleh’s vice president, became president in 2012, and was forced out by Houthi rebels in January 2015. After escaping from house arrest, he fled to the southern city of Aden, where he is mobilizing his Sunni supporters.